Written by The Foam Factory
At present, there are no US federal laws regulating the sale and quality of upholstered furnishings. However, the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CSPC) has stated that they may introduce a federal safety standard for these products.
The only state that has flammability requirements is California. The law implemented in 1975, states that furniture padding must withstand 12 seconds of an open flame without spreading the flame. This includes seat foam in cars, furnishings and kids beds and carry-on equipment.
The international fire code and national fire protection association, however, requires that health care, universities and college dorms meet the California law. This section of the law states that upholstered furniture should meet certain thresholds for heat release.
If you are a homeowner and are concerned about fire safety, it is advisable to buy upholstered furniture from manufacturers who are members of the Upholstered Furniture Action Council (UFAC). These manufacturers comply with the bodies smoldering tests and test the resistance to ignition.
For crib and home use mattresses, consumers should find out if their mattresses meet the two federal flammability standards set by the CPSC. These will test the mattress for heat release when exposed to an open flame. The second test will test the mattresses components to ignition from smoldering cigarettes.
For prams, strollers and other child care devices; check the label on the foam seat. When buying mattresses, ask your supplier to provide you with certification that the manufacturer has complied to the specified tests.
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The Foam Factory specializes in foam products suitable for seat backs.